7 Advanced Humanoid Robots in the World

Over the past ten years, the development of humanoid robots has sped due to growing interest in these machines and technological advancements in robotics, locomotion, and artificial intelligence. Furthermore, humanoid robots can utilize the same tools and surroundings as people because of their human-like shape.

Today’s Humanoid robots come in various sizes and shapes and are widely employed in many fields.  These fields include manufacturing and maintenance, search and rescue operations, personal care and research, education and entertainment, and, most significantly, the healthcare industry.

In this article, we will discuss the world’s top seven (7) humanoid robots and how they are transforming their respective industries.

The Evolution of Humanoid Robots

For a very long time, people have imagined living alongside humanoid robots. The Czech word “robota,” which was initially used in the 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) by Czechoslovakian author Karel Capek, is where the word “robot” originates.

The early 19th century saw the start of the development of humanoid robots. The “Eric” was created by American general electrical appliance manufacturer Westinghouse Electric Corporation to enable standing and sitting.

Finally, the “Gakutensoku,” a device that could write Japanese characters and change facial expressions, was created by Japanese biologist Makoto Nishimura.

Humanoid robots began to appear in reality, leaping from a 2D to a 3D world. In the following years, a wide range of robotics research was conducted in the home, industrial, and healthcare sectors.

How Humanoid Robots Work

Humanoid robots are designed to mimic humans and carry out human-like tasks. R.U.R.’s “humanoid” robots perform manual tasks like typing and bookkeeping. They can run, walk, and speak like humans because they have faces and limbs.

How Humanoid Robots Work

They frequently include human-like features, arms, legs, and occasionally even facial features. This is how they typically operate:

  1. Mechanical Structure

Humanoid robots are built with a framework of joints, actuators, and sensors that enable movement and interaction with the environment. These components mimic human anatomy to facilitate mobility.

  1. Control Systems

Humanoid robots have control systems ranging from simple pre-programmed sequences to complex artificial intelligence algorithms. These systems receive input from sensors, process information, and generate output commands to control the robot’s movements and actions.

  1. Sensors

Humanoid robots use various sensors to perceive their surroundings and gather information for navigation, manipulation, and interaction. These sensors may include cameras, infrared, and ultrasonic sensors.

  1. Actuators

Actuators are responsible for converting control signals into physical movements. Humanoid robots commonly use electric motors or hydraulic systems to actuate joints and perform tasks such as walking, grasping objects, or gesturing.

  1. Power Supply

Humanoid robots require a power source to operate. Depending on the design and application, they may be powered by batteries, electricity, or a combination of power sources.

  1. Software Programming

Humanoid robots rely on software and programming to perform specific tasks and behaviors. This can involve various programming languages, algorithms, and control strategies tailored to the robot’s capabilities and intended applications.

The Role of AI in Humanoid Robots

Humanoid robots have become more intelligent thanks to artificial intelligence, which allows them to use depth sensors, LiDAR, and cameras to sense their environment. This involves identifying people and things and navigating different environments.

Boston Dynamic’s Atlas robot can perceive and navigate dynamic environments using AI-powered computer vision. It can also walk on uneven terrain, identify and manipulate objects, and carry out complicated tasks like opening doors.

AI facilitates human-robot interaction by enabling Humanoid robots to comprehend and react to natural language commands and conversations. SoftBanks created Pepper, a humanoid robot with natural language processing (NLP) skills.

It can converse, respond to inquiries, and offer support in various contexts, including retail establishments and customer support offices.

The Top 7 Advanced Humanoid Robots

1 – Atlas

Boston Dynamics has created a highly advanced humanoid robot called Atlas. It is intended for various uses, such as industrial applications, search and rescue, and logistics. It is roughly 1.5 meters tall.

boston dynamics atlas
A Boston Dynamics Inc. Atlas humanoid robot is displayed at the SoftBank Robot World 2017 in Tokyo, Japan, on Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2017. SoftBank Chief Executive Officer Masayoshi Son has put money into robots, artificial intelligence, microchips and satellites, sketching a vision of the future where a trillion devices are connected to the internet and technology is integrated into humans. Photographer: Kiyoshi Ota/Bloomberg

Features and Capabilities

Atlas can perceive and navigate complex environments thanks to its advanced sensor suite, which includes stereo vision, LIDAR, and proprioception sensors.

It has nimble hands that can handle objects and carry out tasks involving fine motor skills. Additionally, Atlas uses sophisticated control algorithms for movement and dynamic balancing.


With its ability to maneuver among debris, navigate through it, and support search and rescue efforts, Atlas has potential uses in disaster response situations. It can also be utilized in industrial settings for jobs like assembly line work, cargo loading and unloading, and hazardous environment investigation.

2 – Sophia

Sophia is an advanced humanoid robot developed by Hanson Robotics. It is known for its lifelike appearance and sophisticated AI capabilities, enabling natural interactions with humans.

Hanson Robotics Sophia

Features and Capabilities

Sophia can sense and react to its surroundings because it is outfitted with cameras, microphones, and speech recognition software.

It can recognize faces, carry on conversations, and use facial expressions to convey various emotions. Sophia can learn from her experiences and adapt, which helps her become a better communicator.


Sophia has been deployed in various settings, including customer service, education, and entertainment. It can serve as a social companion for elderly individuals or people with special needs, provide information and assistance in public spaces such as airports and museums, and even participate in media events and conferences as a speaker.

3 – Pepper

Pepper is a humanoid robot developed by SoftBank Robotics. It is designed to interact with humans naturally and intuitively, leveraging AI and NLP capabilities.

softbank robotics pepper

Features and Capabilities

Pepper is equipped with sensors for perceiving its environment, including cameras, touch sensors, and sonar. It utilizes AI algorithms for speech recognition, natural language processing, and emotion recognition. Pepper’s humanoid form factor and expressive features facilitate engaging interactions with users.


Pepper is widely used in retail environments to greet customers, provide product information, and assist with inquiries. It has also been deployed in healthcare settings to interact with patients, provide companionship, and offer support services.

4 – NAO

NAO is a small humanoid robot developed by SoftBank Robotics. It is designed for research, education, and entertainment, focusing on programmability and versatility.

softbank robotics nao

Features and Capabilities

NAO has many sensors, including cameras, sonar, touch, and inertial sensors. It features a customizable platform with programmable behaviors using various programming languages and development tools. NAO’s compact size and modular design suit multiple applications and experiments.


NAO is used extensively in academic and research settings for studying human-robot interaction, cognitive development, and AI programming. It is also employed in educational environments, where it serves as a platform for teaching robotics, programming, and STEM subjects to students of all ages.


ASIMO (Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility) is a humanoid robot developed by Honda. It is one of the most iconic humanoid robots, known for its advanced mobility and agility.

Honda Asimo

Features and Capabilities

ASIMO features advanced bipedal walking capabilities, allowing it to walk, run, climb stairs, and navigate dynamic environments with agility and stability. It has sensors and cameras for perceiving its surroundings and sophisticated control algorithms for autonomous navigation and manipulation tasks. ASIMO’s design emphasizes safety, efficiency, and human-like movement.


ASIMO has been used primarily for research and development purposes, showcasing advancements in robotics and mobility technologies. It has also been featured in educational outreach programs to inspire students’ interest in science and technology. While not commercially available, ASIMO’s technologies have influenced various applications of robotics, healthcare, and assistive technology.

6 – iCub

iCub is an open-source humanoid robot developed by the Italian Institute of Technology. It is designed as a research platform for studying human cognition and developing AI and robotics technologies.


Features and Capabilities

iCub features a human-like body structure with articulated limbs and sensory systems, including cameras, touch sensors, and accelerometers. It has sophisticated control systems for locomotion, manipulation, and environmental interaction.

iCub’s modular design allows researchers to experiment with different algorithms and functionalities, making it a versatile tool for AI and robotics research.


iCub is used by researchers worldwide to study various aspects of human cognition, such as perception, learning, and social interaction.

It is a platform for developing AI algorithms for object manipulation and language processing. Additionally, iCub has applications in assistive robotics, rehabilitation, and human-robot collaboration scenarios.


TALOS is an advanced humanoid robot developed by PAL Robotics. It is designed for industrial and research applications, focusing on manipulation, mobility, and safety.

pal robotics talos

Features and Capabilities

TALOS has a robust and ergonomic design that is appropriate for industrial settings. It can handle heavy loads and perform precise manipulations. It has sophisticated sensors, such as force/torque, LIDAR, and cameras, which allow it to perceive and interact with its surroundings. TALOS uses modern control algorithms for manipulation, autonomous navigation, and dynamic balancing tasks.


TALOS is intended for use in industrial settings, where it can perform tasks such as assembly, inspection, and maintenance in collaboration with human workers. It is also used for research, exploring advancements in humanoid robotics, autonomous manipulation, and human-robot collaboration.

Additionally, TALOS has applications in disaster response scenarios, assisting in search and rescue operations or hazardous environment exploration.


The swift progress of humanoid robotics represents a noteworthy turning point at the crossroads of technology and human society.

The development of humanoid robots reflects our relentless pursuit of innovation and our desire to push the boundaries of what is possible. It stems from the early fantasies inspired by science fiction to the tangible reality of today’s sophisticated machines.

The growing integration of these robots into different industries and aspects of daily life raises questions about the effects of this technological advancement.

How will the increasing number of humanoid robots affect our way of life, how we think about work and social interactions, and how will we define what it means to be human?

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